1. French Vowel Triangle
2. Liason: Pronunciation of a normally silent final consonant at end of word to link with next word beginning with a vowel, a glide, or mute "h"
3. Elision: Omission of a sound, such as the dropping of mute "e"
4. Nasals: Any vowel-letter(s) followed by "m" or "n" is usually nasalized unless this "m" or "n" is followed by:
a. a vowel-letter or vowel sound in same word, or
b. an m, n, or h in same word.